In the last century, the abstract direction has become a real breakthrough in the history of art, but it is quite natural - people have always been in search of new forms, properties and ideas. But in this century this style of art raises many questions. What is abstract art? Let's talk about this further.
In the style of abstract art, the artist uses the visual language of forms, contours, lines and colors to interpret the subject. This contrasts with traditional forms of art, which receive a more literary interpretation of the subject - convey "reality." Abstract art also goes as far as possible from classical fine art, as far as possible; represents the objective world at all not as in real life.
Abstractionism in art challenges the mind of the observer, just like its emotions - in order to fully appreciate the work of art, the observer must get rid of the need to understand what the artist is trying to say, but must feel the reciprocal emotion himself. All aspects of life are amenable to interpretation through abstractionism - faith, fears, passions, reactions to music or nature, scientific and mathematical calculations, etc.
This trend in art arose in the XX century, along with cubism, surrealism, dadaism and others, although the exact time is unknown. The main representatives of the abstract art style in painting are considered to be artists such as Vasily Kandinsky, Robert Delone, Kazimir Malevich, Frantisek Kupka and Pete Mondrian. Some of their work and important paintings will be discussed further.
Kandinsky was one of the pioneers of abstract art. He began the search in impressionism, and only then came to the style of abstract art. In his work he exploited the relationship between color and form to create an aesthetic experience that would cover both the vision and emotions of the audience. He believed that total abstraction gives room for a deep, transcendental expression, and copying reality only hinders this process.
"Composition IV" (1911)
Delaunay was one of the earliest artists of the style of abstract art. His work influenced the development of this direction, based on the compositional tension, which was due to the opposition of colors. He quickly fell under the neo-impressionistic coloristic influence and very closely followed the color scheme of works in the style of abstract art. Color and light, he considered the main tools, with which you can influence the objectivity of the world.
"The Eiffel Tower" (1911)
Frantisek Kupka is a Czechoslovak artist who paints in the style of abstract art, who graduated from the Prague Academy of Arts. As a student, he painted on patriotic themes and wrote historical compositions. His early works were more academic, however, his style developed over the years and eventually moved into abstract art. Written in a very realistic manner, even his early works, contained mystical surrealistic themes and symbols, which was preserved even when writing abstractions. Kupka believed that the artist and his work take part in a long creative activity, the nature of which is not limited, as an absolute.
"Amorpha, Fugue en deux couleurs" (Fugue in Two Colors) (1907-1908)